Gathering Information: Purpose, Main Goals, and Target Audience

This stage, the stage of discovering and researching, determines how the subsequent steps will look like. The most important task at this point is to get the clear understanding of your future Webapp/ Website purposes, the main goals you wish to get, and the target audience you want to attract to your site. Such kind of a website development questionnaire helps to develop the best strategy for further project management. News portal differs from the entertainment websites, and online resources for teenagers looks different than sites for adults. Different types of websites provide visitors with different functionality which means that different technologies should be used according to the purposes. A well described and detailed plan made on the basis of this pre-development data can protect you from spending extra resources on solving the unexpected issues such as design changing or adding the functionality that wasn’t initially planned.

Planning: Raw Structure Creation

At this stage of Webapp/ Website development cycle, the developer creates the data that can give to a customer an opportunity to judge how the entire Webapp/ Website will look like. On the basis of the information that was gathered together in the previous phase, the map is created. Here is the emap of Webapp/ Website: The map should describe the relations between the main areas of your Webapp/ Website. Such representation could help understand how usable the final product will be. It can show you the “relationship” between the different pages of a Webapp/ Website, so you can judge how easy it will be for the end-user to find the required information or service if he starts from the main page. The main reason behind the map creation is to build a user-friendly and easy to navigate Webapp/ Website. The map allows you to understand how the inner structure of a Webapp/ Website looks like, but doesn’t describe the user interface. Sometimes, before you start to code or even work on a design, there’s a necessity to get approval from a customer that everything looks fine so you can begin the next phase of developing. In this case, a wireframe or mock-up is created. A wireframe is a visual representation of user interface that you’re going to create. But it doesn’t contain any design elements such as colors, logos, etc. It only describes the elements that will be added to the page and their location. It’s artless and cheap in production sketch. You can use any mockup for this purpose. We used Moqups. Here’s how the wireframe can look like: mockup wireframe example The other important thing is select technology stack – programming language, frameworks, CMS that you’re going to use.



At this step, you can finally start creating the Webapp/ Website itself. Graphic elements that have been designed during the previous stages should be used to create an actual Webapp/ Website. Usually, the home page is created first, and then all sub-pages are added, according to the Webapp/ Website hierarchy that was previously created in the form of a map. Frameworks and CMS should be implemented to make sure that server can handle the installation and set-up smoothly. All static web page elements that were designed during the mock-up and layout creation should be created and tested. Then, special features and interactivity should be added. A deep understanding of every Webapp/ Website development technology that you’re going to use is crucial at this phase. When you use CMS for site creation, you can also install CMS plugins at this step if there’s a need. The other important step is SEO (Search Engine Optimization). SEO is the optimization of website elements ( e.g., title, description, keyword) that can help your site achieve higher rankings in the search engines. And, once again, valid code is pretty important for SEO.

Testing, Review and Launch

Testing is probably the most routine part of a process. Every single link should be tested to make sure that there are no broken ones among them. You should check every form, every script, run a spell-checking software to find possible typos. Use code validators to check if your code follows the current web standards. Valid code is necessary, for example, if cross-browser compatibility is important for you. After you check and re-check your website, it’s time to upload it to a server. An FTP (File Transfer Protocol) software is used for that purpose. After you deployed the files, you should run yet another, final test to be sure that all your files have been installed correctly.


Maintenance: Opinion Monitoring and Regular Updating

What’s important to remember is that a Webapp/ Website is more a service than a product. It’s not enough to “deliver” a Webapp/ Website to a user. You should also make sure that everything works fine, and everybody is satisfied and always be prepared to make changes in another case. Feedback system added to the site will allow you to detect possible problems the end-users face. The highest priority task in this case is to fix the problem as fast as you can. If you won’t, you may find one day that your users prefer to use another Webapp/ Website rather than put up with the inconvenience. The other important thing is keeping your Webapp/ Website up to date. If you use a CMS, regular updates will prevent you from bugs and decrease security risks.

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